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8:00am

Energy that Works: Practical solutions to our energy and climate crisis
    Thursday July 12, 2012 8:00am - 9:30am @ Wicklow Hall 2A

    Fossil fuels are the cornerstone of modern life, but as we face increasing energy demands, decreasing oil reserves, and hazards due to filling our atmosphere with greenhouse gases, it is clear the world is facing an energy crisis. Researchers strive to find solutions, and policy makers and the public are continually presented with 'solutions' that promise the answer. So, what is the answer? Does it lie in renewables or nuclear energy? Perhaps it is in fundamentally changing the way that we live and build our homes? With so many proposed solutions, which ones are practical for the EU?
    Various perspectives will be presented by five experts who have five minutes each to persuade the audience. The audience will then be asked which solution they would support if they had the power to invest in them. The audience will gain an understanding of the difficulties decision makers face in dealing with our Energy and Climate crises.



    Speakers
    The Institute of Energy, Ireland

    National University of Ireland, Galway

    National University of Ireland, Galway

    University of Liverpool, UK

    National University of Ireland, Galway

    National University of Ireland, Galway


    Type Science Programme, Energy Environment & Climate
    Host Organization National University of Ireland, Galway
  • Organiser Sarah Knight
  • Tags SP7


 
 

10:45am

Frontier Research: An extravagance or a necessity in times of recession?
    Saturday July 14, 2012 10:45am - 12:15am @ The Liffey A

    In many parts of the world, science, technology and innovation are seen as critical drivers of economic growth and national well-being. We look towards research hoping to find the solution of many of the problems – current and future ones- we face and which cannot be solved without major breakthroughs. The challenges created by poverty, climate change, infectious diseases, health challenges across the years of the human lifespan produce a sense of urgency to find solutions. Hence, as tools become available and financial resources become more limiting, research funding is increasingly viewed as an end to a means. Because this view assumes it can recognise the appropriate endpoint, it ignores the role that research directed by the need to understand basic processes has played as the engine of new discoveries to fuel new technologies and combat challenges not yet imagined. 
    The speakers of this session all agree that it is necessary and natural for a nation to set aside specific means to address major challenges or to explore already acknowledged promising areas. However, they also share the view that a nation should commit itself to support what might be described as frontier research that push the boundaries of knowledge and hold the potential to transform science itself and ultimately change the way we live and think. In order to push the frontiers one must enter new fields and leave the beaten track. This demands that not only researchers but also funders are courageous and adventurous and ready to take risks. Forging new paths in barely known territory often takes longer than the usual length of project funding. Mistakes must be allowed as well as change of direction. 
    The session will discuss why it is necessary to trust the best researcher’s talent and how transformative research is best identified and supported by addressing questions such as

    • What is frontier research and how do we detect it?
    • Is it a necessity or an extravaganza? – Why?
    • What are the benefits for society?
    • How is frontier research and creativity sustained, developed, nurtured?


    Speakers
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, USA

    Human Frontier Science Program Organization, France

    Danish National Research Foundation, Denmark

    Volkswagen Stiftung, Germany


    Type Science Programme, Policy
    Host Organization Danish National Research Foundation
  • Organiser Vibeke Schrøder
  • Tags SP70


1:15pm

Mind the gap: connecting brain research to educational policy

4:00pm

Revealing the past: remote sensing techniques in archaeology
    Saturday July 14, 2012 4:00pm - 5:30pm @ Wicklow Meeting Room 1

    Archaeological air photography has now been joined by satellite imagery, airborne laser scanning and a variety of airborne and ground-based survey techniques known jointly as 'remote sensing', since they explore what is on or beneath the earth or ocean without disturbing its surface or damaging what lies below.

    These new technologies have had a dramatic impact illustrating to the general public the character and importance of heritage sites and of the evolving landscapes within which they lie. Improved public understanding and appreciation of these visual and material links with the past can lead to greater enjoyment and interest in such sites, advancing the case for heritage conservation and the continuing enjoyment for future generations. This session aims to highlight the interdisciplinary range of techniques available and specifically illustrate the most recent developments in this field.



    Speakers
    The Discovery Programme, Ireland

    Roman-Germanic Commission of the German Archaeological Institute...


    Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Regierungspräsidium Stuttgart...

    The Discovery Programme, Ireland


    Type Science Programme, Science & Culture
    Host Organization The Discovery Programme
  • Organiser Anthony Corns
  • Tags SP71


4:00pm

The emerging role of inflammation in diverse human diseases
    Saturday July 14, 2012 4:00pm - 5:30pm @ Liffey Hall 2

    Increasingly, the role of inflammation is being recognised as a critical driver of disease. Inflammatory mechanisms are now known to underlie not just classical autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis, but also cardiovascular disease and cancer. Even obesity is recognised to have an inflammatory component. Equally, there have been enormous advances in our understanding the biochemistry of inflammation and how cells respond to stimuli that evoke this response.



    Speakers
    National Institutes of Health, USA

    University of Massachusetts, USA

    Trinity College Dublin, Ireland

    Trinity College Dublin, Ireland Chairman of the ESOF2012 Programme...

    National Institute of Health, USA Founder of the NIH-Oxford/Cambridge...


    Type Science Programme, The Future of Medicine & Health
    Host Organization National Institutes of Health
  • Organiser John O'Shea
  • Tags SP72


4:00pm

The personal genome and the future of medicine
    Saturday July 14, 2012 4:00pm - 5:30pm @ Auditorium

    Remarkable technological advances have decreased DNA sequencing costs and made it practical to undertake complete human genome sequencing on a large scale for the first time. The dramatic price decline is expected to give rise to widespread personal genome sequencing that should radically advance biomedical research, facilitate drug development, and lead to reduced health care costs.

    Key to realising these benefits will be biology's success in providing contextual interpretation of the biological and medical relevance of the detected sequence variants in a genome.

    The rationale for this session is to contribute to the important task of informing and engaging the public in reflections about the benefits and risks they can realistically expect of personal genome analysis, to prevent over-interpretation and misunderstanding of such information.



    Speakers
    German Cancer Research Centre, Germany

    German Cancer Research Centre, Germany

    European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Germany

    Joint Head of Unit and Senior Scientist, European Molecular Biology...

    Lancaster University, UK


    Type Science Programme, The Future of Medicine & Health
    Host Organization European Molecular Biology Laboratory
  • Organiser Halldor Stefansson
  • Tags SP73


4:00pm

What is inquiry-based science education?
    Saturday July 14, 2012 4:00pm - 5:30pm @ Wicklow Hall 2B

    Inquiry based teaching methodologies have been suggested as a way to encourage and engage students in science and mathematics by increasing their interest and also by stimulating teacher motivation. This is backed up by input from employers in industry who have identified the need for graduates to have transferable skills in addition to subject knowledge. An overview of inquiry based teaching methodologies will be presented with examples from four European projects. The impact of the outcomes of these projects on informing national policies will be discussed.



    Speakers
    Dublin City University, Ireland

    Irish Business and Employers Confederation, Ireland

    Dublin City University, Ireland

    Dublin City University, Ireland

     University of Leicester, UK


    Type Science Programme, Engagement & Education
    Host Organization Dublin City University, Ireland
  • Organiser Eilish McLoughlin
  • Tags SP74


4:00pm

What's so captivating about black holes?
    Saturday July 14, 2012 4:00pm - 5:30pm @ Wicklow Meeting Room 2

    Black holes are regions of space where gravitational forces are so strong that nothing, not even light, can escape. Black holes have captured the imagination of the public like no other astrophysical entity and been readily absorbed into science fiction. However, despite endless conjecture, they still remain mysterious objects. So what do we really know about black holes? What have we actually observed? This session will uncover the current research in both experimental and theoretical physics, and how, together, they can build a picture of the modern black hole, and help us to gain a better understanding of the Universe.



    Speakers
    Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Germany

    University of Sheffield, UK

    Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, Ireland

    University of Liverpool, UK


    Type Science Programme, Reshaping the Frontiers of Knowledge
    Host Organization The Institute of Physics
  • Organiser Tajinder Panesor
  • Tags SP75


 
 

8:00am

Ageing: from genome to sex
    Sunday July 15, 2012 8:00am - 9:30am @ Liffey Hall 2

    According to the WHO, in almost every country the proportion of people aged over 60 is growing faster than any other age group. Old age is increasingly associated with many chronic diseases including cancer and cardiovascular disorders, thus presenting an important socioeconomic burden. It is therefore crucial to identify appropriate interventions to keep the aging population healthy.
    In this interactive session four prominent scientists join forces to shed light on different aspects of the underlying causes of ageing from the genomic level to other contributing factors such as metabolism, hormones and 'sex'. Throughout the session, they will debate on key questions such as: 'how do our genes contribute to aging?', 'what is the contribution of hormones and other factors to the development of aging?', 'what are the differences in the development of aging at the level of the population and in particular between the two sexes?



    Speakers
    Uppsala University, Sweden

    European Research Council

    European Research Council, Belgium

    University of Birmingham, UK

    CECAD Cologne, Germany

    University of Sheffield, UK


    Type Science Programme, The Future of Medicine & Health
    Host Organization European Research Council
  • Organiser Carmen Garcia Fernandez
  • Tags SP76


8:00am

From smart homes to intelligent electrical grids
    Sunday July 15, 2012 8:00am - 9:30am @ Ecocem Room

    Energy production and consumption must always be in precise balance to maintain a stable electrical grid. Today this is mainly done by letting the energy production follow the energy demand. This is becoming an increasingly inefficient solution as renewable energy becomes more widely used. Energy production from renewables cannot be influenced, and future energy consumption will have to adapt to energy production. This is very challenging because demand is often very distributed and unlinked.

    Currently smart meters are being installed in private homes within Europe. This will help people to have a better overview about their energy consumption but it won’t help to let energy demand follow energy production. This might be achieved by smart homes, which are thinking houses integrating control functions overseeing devices and appliances.
    The workshop will discuss the potential of smart homes for load following. Furthermore it will present the conditions (technical, economical and administrative) for smart homes to become integrated into a smart and intelligent electric grid, which can efficiently incorporate a high amount of renewable energy at acceptable cost.



    Speakers
    European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Belgium

    The Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland, Ireland

    EDP Distribuição - Energia, S.A., Inovgrid

    Power Plus Communications AG, Germany


    Type Science Programme, Energy Environment & Climate
    Host Organization European Commission - Joint Research Centre
  • Organiser Geraldine Barry
  • Tags SP77


8:00am

Probiotics: alternative medicine or an evidence-based alternative?
    Sunday July 15, 2012 8:00am - 9:30am @ Wicklow Hall 2A

    From a scientific standpoint, probiotics are defined as bacteria which, when consumed in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host. But ‘probiotic’ is also a marketing term which has become very familiar to the general public as a result of polished advertising campaigns, which are all too often littered with vague health claims based on anecdotal or poorly conducted research, if indeed, any research at all.

    It is difficult for any consumer to discriminate between those few probiotic strains for which there is rigorous scientific data supporting specific health benefits in humans, and those which are simply members of a ‘probiotic’ genus such as Bifidobacterium or Lactobacillus.

    This workshop will involve scientists highlighting some of the best evidence to support a role for probiotics in human health, detaching scientific rigour from marketing hype.



    Speakers
    Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Ire...

    Wageningen Centre for Food Sciences, Wageningen University, The...

    Teagasc, Ireland

    Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Ire...


    Type Science Programme, The Future of Medicine & Health
    Host Organization University College Cork, Ireland
  • Organiser Colin Hill
  • Tags SP79


 




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